Melbourne was founded on the Yarra River in 1835 after an abortive bid in 1803 to establish a settlement inside the Port Phillip Bay heads near Sorrento. The Port Phillip District gained independence from New South Wales in 1850. Melbourne boomed in the 1850’s as a result of the gold rush in the region to the north.
What was Melbourne originally called?BatmaniaPrior to being named “Melbourne”, the city had several other names. It was called Batmania, Bearport and Bearbrass. It was named Melbourne by Sir Richard Bourke the Governor of NSW after the British Prime Minister William Lamb the second viscount of Melbourne
The City of Melbourne respectfully acknowledges that it is located on the traditional land of the Kulin Nation. This special place is now known by its European name of Melbourne